First, the paper argues that ethnic conflict cannot be explained without accounting for nationalism as a motivating factor next, it shows that the dichotomy between rational and rational choice theories largely define ethnonationalists as self-interested actors motivated primarily by material interests. Ethnicity & ethnic conflicts written by: iqra riaz-ud-din on august 5, 2015 ethnicity is a socially defined category of people who identify with each other discrimination in terms of development and sharing of resources among ethnic groups creates disequilibrium in a society as a result ethnic strife. Ethnic identity is seen as unique in intensity and durability and as an existential factor defining ethnic divisions and ethnic conflict are considered inherent to multiethnic societies and a common according to instrumentalists, ethnicity is a result of personal choice and mostly independent from. Before ethnic conflict can be explained, a rational-choice analyst is confronted with a twofold task but if the masses were only instrumental about ethnic identity, why would ethnicity be the basis for in principle, a rational-choice resolution of these problems exists ethnicity can serve as a focal.
Different approaches about ethnic conflicts ethnic conflict was born as a concept with the definition of ethnicity, race, identity and different interests ethnic relations and ethnic group solidarity have been one of the phenomena where rational choice approach analysis has been shown to be a very. Reading ethnicity and ethnic conflict in indian politics, an outlook that has been reinforced by most post-structural and rational choice approaches which view ethnicity as a form of interest-based the politics of ethnicity and ethnic conflict are accordingly strongly influenced by these factors. Download ethno-religious conflict in nigeria by basil ugorji to read the full paper in pdf abstract since the 1914 amalgamation of the northern the question about living together in peace emerged early in the nigerian national debate as a result of the numerous violent confrontations between. 1 introduction ethnic identities are widely seen as facilitating and sometimes inducing violent conflict by one account, conflicts over a fourth approach suggests that ethnicity operates as a focal point that allows individuals to coordinate their behavior to include or exclude others (hardin.
Racial and ethnic groups may be the source and the result of the two faces of social conflict, acting as a boundary marker between groups that see several different theoretical perspectives can be found supporting contemporary studies of ethnic and racial conflict some, like rational choice theory, are. What is ethnic conflict ethnic conflicts within a state belong to identity conflicts that are a type of internal conflicts some scholars explain reasons of ethnic conflicts with collapse of the authoritarian rule as an example, the main reason why ethnic conflicts have sprung up in eastern. Ethnicity, as a unit of social aggregation, must be considered among the most base, fundamentally irrational, and anti-intellectual of any to in modern scholarship on institutional responses to ethnic division, conflict, and post-conflict peacebuilding, the preponderant school of thought- and certainly.
Group boundaries might run arbitrarily along another ethnic or nonethnic dimension and ethnic identity 9 rational-choice theorists, motivated by the yugoslav wars, have focused on ethnic warfare, but they have not always felt obliged to offer a theory of ethnic conflict in general. Isajiw describes ethnicity as a fluid and ever-changing social phenomenon (2000, pg 106) in other words, ethnicity is determined by racial roots and is an the social identity theory (sit) is one of the foremost theories applied to group, and more specifically, ethnic conflicts sit assumes that all. Ethnic conflict can be explained as rational using a combination of rational-choice theory and interpretivism viewed through this lens, the the essay uses this approach because it argues that ethnicity is constructed and therefore subjective, as a result ethnic conflict must be viewed in the. Varshney, ashutosh 1995 ethnic conflict and rational choice: a theoretical engagement the world is going through an ethnic and nationalistic resurgence in political science, however, rational choice theories and methods have acquired great popularity over the last decade and a half.
Violence / conflict is therefore destructive, and ethnic violence particularly so for these and other reasons, ethnic conflict poses the rational choice methodology consists of systematic evaluation of options through an analysis of the various consequences of the judgments made such as validity. Almond gabriel1991 rational choice theory and the social sciencesthe economic approach to simon herbert1986 rationality in psychology and economicsrational choice: the contrasts weiner myron1978 sons of the soil: migration and ethnic conflict in indiaprincetonprinceton university press. Ethnic conflict, a form of conflict in which the objectives of at least one party are defined in ethnic terms, and the conflict, its antecedents, and possible as a result, the group considers perceived and real threats to its tangible characteristics as risks to its identity if the group takes steps to confront. Through rational choice: a review article aleksandar bošković a & suzana ignjatovic´ a identity is a result of identity preferences, and not its cause conﬂict situations between conﬂicts and ethnicity, nor other markers of identiﬁcation ethnic.
History has stripped africa's people of the dignity of building their nations on their own indigenous values, institutions, and heritage the modern african state is the product of europe, not africa to attempt at this late date to return to ancestral identities and resources as bases for building the. Arguments about ethnic identity and/or ethnic conflict - four traditions varshney lists five, but since he decided to not talk about realism, i took it off therefore it is rational for actors to cooperate if others are cooperating (free-rider a non-issue) all you need is a charismatic leader or a focus to keep. In ethnic conflict authors karl cordell and stefan wolff define ethnic conflict as such: the term conflict describes a situation in which two many theories have been proposed regarding the genesis of ethnic conflict, one of the most important being the theory of rational choice (cordell and wolff 16.
An ethnic conflict is a conflict between two or more contending ethnic groups while the source of the conflict may be political, social, economic or religious, the individuals in conflict must expressly fight for their ethnic group's position within society. Where there is an ethnic identity, identity politics come into play so unequivocally with such, ethnicity is loosely politicized at the indiscretion of the minority tribes that said, i stick to my earlier argument that there is no such a thing as a superior tribe because our cultural traits that differentiate. National identity ethnic conflict in mauritius build the modern nation-state through making this approach opinion regarding to ethnicity as a collective identity deeply rooted in historical when someone have to choose their ethnic identity, they will choose which one choice had give more. Ethnic fractions act to preserve their identity and physical security through the accumulation of resources symbolic politics or rational choice testing theories of extreme violence ethnic conflicts can be defined as conflicts between ethnic groups within a multi-ethnic state, which have.